FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

 Proofreading (also written as proof-reading or proof reading) means reading a proof copy of a text in order to detect and correct any errors.

A proof copy is a manuscript that has been typeset after copy editing.

Proof typescripts often contain typographical errors introduced by mistyping (hence the word typo to refer to misplaced, missing or incorrect characters).

Proofreading consists of reviewing any text, either hard copy on paper, or electronic copy on a computer, and checking for typos and formatting errors.

 Copyediting (also written as copy-editing or copy editing) is the work that an editor does to improve the formatting, style, and accuracy of text.   Unlike general editing, copy editing often does not involve changing the substance of the text.   Copy refers to written or typewritten text for typesetting, printing, or publication.

Copyediting is done before Proofreading, which is the last step in the editorial cycle.

"The 5 C’s" summarize the copy editor's job:   Make the copy clear, correct, concise, comprehensible, and consistent.   Copy editors should “Make it say what it means, and mean what it says”.

Typically, copyediting involves correcting spelling, grammar, punctuation, terminology and jargon, timelines and semantics (meanings); always ensuring that the typescript adheres to the publisher's style.

Often, copyeditors are also responsible for adding any "display copy", such as headlines, standardized headers and footers, and photo and logo captions.

 PRS Proofreading Services can proofread and copyedit any document or scientific manuscript or academic article produced by authors, your company or your business.   The text can be checked and corrected for spelling, grammar and punctuation errors.   Additional checks are made for terminology, jargon, timelines and semantics.

PRS Proofreading Services can help authors, companies and businesses to produce perfect English covering a wide range of documentation and publications, such as: -

   • Business Correspondence
   • Email
   • Newsletters
   • Business Plans
   • Financial Proposals
   • Presentations (Oral & Written)
   • Management Reports
   • Employer & Employee Contractual Communications
   • Human Resources & Recruitment
   • Language Testing & Evaluation
   • Health & Safety Information
   • Inspection Reports
   • Training Manuals
   • Scientific Manuscripts

   • Academic Articles
   • Annual Company Reports
   • Advertisements (including Posters, Flyers & Billboards)
   • Brochures and Catalogues
   • Direct Mail
   • Website Editing & Content
   • Magazine Articles
   • Installation & Instruction & User Guides
   • Technical Manuals
   • Press Releases and Media Articles
   • Business Letters
   • Mission Statements
   • Publications ......... and much more!   Please contact us whatever your requirements!

 PRS Proofreading Services can proofread and copyedit any document or manuscript produced for your school or university.   If you are studying TOEIC, TOEFL, IELTS, CU-TEP, TU-GET or for a University Degree or any other recognised English qualification, then we can help you.   Your text can be checked and corrected for spelling, grammar and punctuation errors.   Additional checks are made for terminology, jargon, timelines and semantics.

If the English language is your second language, then your written material will be very important to you.   You will always want to make the right impression, not only with your teacher, but also to anyone else with whom you communicate.

PRS Proofreading Services will check your work to make sure that it says what you want it to say and so that it does not confuse the reader.

Writing in a foreign language is sometimes not so easy and it can be difficult for you to see the errors and mistakes that you have made.   It is quite normal for those of you studying ESL to use an incorrect verb tense, make pronoun errors, incorrectly spell words, wrongly structure paragraphs, or maybe even having to rewrite entire paragraphs.   This is where PRS will help you to produce perfect text and documents.

PRS Proofreading Services helps Students of the English Language with: -

   • Examination & Test Preparation
   • Essays
   • Writing Exercises
   • Homework

   • Presentations
   • Reports
   • Newsletters
   • Thesis Work
   • Newspaper & Magazine Articles
   • Brochures and Catalogues
   • Advertisements
   • Posters, Flyers, Handouts & Leaflets
   • Website Editing & Content
   • Press Releases
   • Technical Manuals
   • Scientific Manuscripts
   • Training & Teaching Manuals
   • Business Letters
   • Announcements & Invitations
   • Job Application Letters
   • Completing Application Forms
   • CV Curriculum Vitae (Resume)
   • University Application Letters ......... and much more!   Please contact us whatever your requirements!

If you are learning English as a second language, or if you are studying for IELTS, TU-GET, TOEIC, CU-TEP, TOEFL, University Degree, or any other kind of qualification, then having your documents checked, edited, corrected, proofread and copyedited by a PRS proofreader/copyeditor is a must.

(Do not worry, it is very easy!)

There are only 3 simple steps: -

1)   Send your text / document(s) / manuscript to PRS by email for a Quotation.

2)   PRS will review your content – 'Word Count'  your text – advise you of the 'Level of Difficulty'  rate – and send you a Formal Quotation.

3)   If you wish to proceed with the copyediting and proofreading, please advise us.   PRS will then issue a PayPal Money Request.   Please pay for our service.

PRS will normally return your Edited Amended Manuscript within 24-hours of a working week, Monday – Friday.

PRS will continually keep you advised throughout regarding the specific date of delivery of your Amended Manuscript.

***   (Manuscripts less than 3,000 words are normally returned within 24-hours of a working week, Monday – Friday)   ***

***   (Manuscripts between 3,000 words and 6,000 words are normally returned within 48-hours of a working week, Monday – Friday)   ***

***   (Manuscripts between 6,000 words and 9,000 words are normally returned within 72-hours of a working week, Monday – Friday)

***   (Manuscripts between 9,000 words and 12,000 words are normally returned within 96-hours of a working week, Monday – Friday)   ***

***   (Manuscripts between 12,000 words and 15,000 words are normally returned within 144-hours of a working week, Monday – Friday).

Yes.   PRS Proofreading Services cannot process your text / document / manuscript if you do not have a PayPal account.   PRS use PayPal  to exclusively handle all financial transactions online.    PayPal are the experts when dealing with credit cards and debit cards.   PRS do not want to know your personal financial details.

It is very easy to use PayPal to pay for the editing of your text / document.    Simply use your credit card (Visa, MasterCard, American Express) or debit card as you would for any other online purchase.   Any person with an email address can use PayPal to make payments.

Sign up for your FREE PayPal account right now at:


and select the country where you live.

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 Absolutely.   You can send as many texts or documents as you wish.

 Your text/document is private, confidential and secure.   If it has not been copied from another source, then it is your intellectual property.   PRS will not disclose any information about you to a third party.   Any communication between you and PRS is not divulged to anyone else.   Additionally, we will never reveal your contact details or your email address to another person or company.   You can rest assured that all of our dealings with clients are treated as being classified.

 Proofreading marks are most often used for publishing houses (books, magazines, newspapers) – see the image below: -

 No, we do not.   Not unless a client specifically requests us to use them.   In our experience, many clients become very confused if we use proofreading marks on their documents.   Clients do not have the time, or the inclination, to learn what to them seems like a new language.   Clients come to PRS for help with their English writing, not to study and master proofreading marks.

PRS prefer to use the CREDIT system (Change/Replace/Edit/Delete/Insert/Typo) as it is very simple and easy for clients to understand.   If necessary, PRS will also use ‘Comment’ boxes to explain particular errors or mistakes.

 PRS will   a)   Show you the errors in your original text/document so that you can learn.

                b)   Return a proofread and copyedited final amended document free of errors.  

                c)   Offer on-going help and assistance.

 Yes, of course.   After all, we are human beings ......... and humans make many mistakes in their lives.  But thankfully, it is very rare for us to make a mistake or to miss an error.    If by some remote chance we do miss a mistake or an error, you will maybe remember what Alexander Pope once said, "To err is human, to forgive divine" (English Poet 1688 - 1744).

 PRS can receive your text/document as an email attachment.   Email attachments can be sent as either an MS Word document [preferred method], or by using a text programme such as Notepad.   You can even copy your text directly into an email.   For more information, please go to Send Text for Quotation

The problem that you are experiencing is an issue with the web browser that you are using to surf the Internet.

Normally, if you are using Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox, then all of the characters on the web page should show correctly.   However, if you are using IE8 (Internet Explorer 8), the letters and characters for South Korea, China and Japan may not all be showing.   IE8 is not configured to show all Asian letters and characters.

To solve this problem, you need to set your browser to "Compatibility View".   You do not have to do this for any of the English language web pages.   You only need to do this for any of the Asian language pages that are not displaying the correct letters and characters.

Open your IE8 browser and look at the top right hand corner of the page.   You will see this symbol:-

Click the symbol shown circled in red and this will enable "Compatibility View".   You will now see all of the letters and characters for your language displayed correctly.   If you still have a problem, or if you are unsure of how to do this, then please contact us and we will be happy to help you.

If you are using IE7 or an earlier version of Internet Explorer, then all letters and characters for South Korea, China and Japan should be showing correctly.

PRS helps
Authors, Companies, Businesses & ESL Students to write perfect English

You can send your manuscripts, documents, text, or writing for a Quotation with no obligation
If you need help with the English Language ...
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